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Treatment of Skin Burn Injury

Before implementing a burn treatment, the burning agent must be impeded from inflicting further damage, for example, fires are extinguished, clothing, especially any that is smoldering (as like melted synthetic shirts), covered with hot tar, or soaked with chemicals must be removed instantly.
Care at home includes maintaining the burn clean to prevent infection. In addition, many people are given analgesics, for at least a few days. The injury can be protected with a nonstick bandage or with sterile gauze. The gauze can be removed without sticking by first being soaked in water.
Hospitalization is sometimes necessary for optimal care of burn injuries. Burns that keep a person from performing essential daily functions, such as walking or eating, make hospitalization necessary. Severe burns, deep second- and third-degree burns, burns occurring in the very young or the very old, and burns involving the hands, feet, face, or genitals are commonly best attended at burn centers. Burn centers are hospitals that are specially implemented and staffed to care for burn patients.
Burn Scars Classified
Superficial Minor Burns: The burn is carefully cleansed to prevent infection. If dirt is deeply embedded, a doctor can give analgesics or numb the area by injecting a local anesthetic and then scrub the lesion with a brush.
Deep Minor Burns: The burn may require evaluation at a hospital or doctor's office, possibly as often as daily for the first few days.
For this type of burn commonly skin graft may be needed. Most skin grafts replace the damaged skin. Other skin grafts help by temporarily covering and shielding the skin as it heals on its own. In a skin grafting treatment, a piece of healthy skin is taken from an unburned area of the person's body (autograft), from another living or dead person (allograft), or from different species (xenograft)usually pigs because their skin is very similar to human skin. The skin graft is surgically sewn over the damaged area after eliminating any dead tissue and ensuring that the injury is clean. Autografts are permanent. Allografts and xenografts, however, are rejected after 10 to 14 days by the person's defensive system. Artificial skin has been developed recently and can also be used to replace the damaged skin. Burned skin can be replaced anytime within several days of the burn.
Severe Burns: Severe, life-threatening burns require immediate care.
Keeping the burned area clean is important, because the damaged skin is easily infected.
Because severe burns take a long time to heal, sometimes years, and can cause disfigurement, the sufferer can become depressed.
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